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Dictionary of Cancer Terms

View in Spanish: Quimioterapia mielodepresora

Myeloablative chemotherapy (MY-eh-loh-uh-BLAY-tiv KEE-moh-THAYR-uh-pee)
High-dose chemotherapy that kills cells in the bone marrow, including cancer cells. It lowers the number of normal blood-forming cells in the bone marrow, and can cause severe side effects. Myeloablative chemotherapy is usually followed by a bone marrow or stem cell transplant to rebuild the bone marrow.

Source: National Cancer Institute Dictionary of Cancer Terms, available at www.cancer.gov/dictionary.