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Dictionary of Cancer Terms

View in Spanish: Consejo de Revisión Institucional

Institutional Review Board (IN-stih-TOO-shuh-nul reh-VYOO BORD)
A group of scientists, doctors, clergy, and consumers that reviews and approves the action plan for every clinical trial. There is an Institutional Review Board at every health care facility that does clinical research. Institutional Review Boards are designed to protect the people who take part in a clinical trial. Institutional Review Boards check to see that the trial is well designed, legal, ethical, does not involve unneccesary risks, and includes safeguards for patients. Also called IRB.

Source: National Cancer Institute Dictionary of Cancer Terms, available at www.cancer.gov/dictionary.