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Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer

Senses

Hearing

Hearing problems are a late effect that is more likely to occur after treatment for certain childhood cancers.

Treatment for these and other childhood cancers may cause hearing late effects:

Radiation to the brain and certain chemotherapy drugs increase the risk of hearing loss.

The risk of hearing loss may be increased in childhood cancer survivors after treatment with either of the following:

Risk may also be increased in childhood cancer survivors who were young at the time of treatment (the younger the child, the greater the risk) or received radiation therapy to the brain and chemotherapy at the same time.

Hearing loss is the most common sign of hearing late effects.

These symptoms may be caused by hearing late effects:

Hearing loss may occur slowly over time or may occur several months or years after treatment ends. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. Talk to your doctor if you have any of these problems.

Certain tests and procedures are used to detect (find) and diagnose health problems in the ear and hearing problems.

These and other tests and procedures may be used to detect or diagnose hearing late effects:

Talk to your doctor about whether you need to have tests and procedures to check for signs of hearing late effects. If you do, find out how often they should be done.

Seeing

Eye and vision problems are a late effect that is more likely to occur after treatment for certain childhood cancers.

Treatment for these and other childhood cancers may cause eye and vision late effects:

Radiation to the brain or head increases the risk of eye problems or vision loss.

The risk of eye problems or vision loss may be increased in childhood cancer survivors after treatment with any of the following:

Late effects that affect the eye may cause certain health problems.

Eye late effects include the following:

Possible signs of eye and vision late effects include changes in vision and dry eyes.

These symptoms may be caused by eye and vision late effects:

Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. Talk to your doctor if you have any of these problems.

Certain tests and procedures are used to detect (find) and diagnose health problems in the eye and vision problems.

These and other tests and procedures may be used to detect or diagnose eye and vision late effects:

Talk to your doctor about whether you need to have tests and procedures to check for signs of eye and vision late effects. If you do, find out how often they should be done.