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Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer

Respiratory System

Lung late effects are more likely to occur after treatment for certain childhood cancers.

Treatment for these and other childhood cancers may cause lung late effects:

Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation to the lungs increase the risk of lung late effects.

The risk of health problems that affect the lungs increases after treatment with the following:

The following types of treatment are most likely to cause late effects:

The risk of lung late effects may be increased in childhood cancer survivors who have a history of the following:

Late effects that affect the lungs may cause certain health problems.

Lung late effects include the following:

Possible signs of lung late effects include trouble breathing and cough.

These symptoms may be caused by lung late effects:

Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. Talk to your doctor if you have any of these problems.

Lung late effects in childhood cancer survivors may occur slowly over time and or there may be no symptoms. Sometimes lung damage can be detected only by imaging or pulmonary function testing. Lung late effects may improve over time.

Certain tests and procedures are used to detect (find) and diagnose health problems in the lung.

These and other tests and procedures may be used to detect or diagnose lung late effects:

Talk to your doctor about whether you need to have tests and procedures to check for signs of lung late effects. If you do, find out how often they should be done.

Health habits that promote healthy lungs are important for survivors of childhood cancer.

Childhood cancer survivors with lung late effects should take care to protect their health, including: