HPV infection and older age can affect the risk of developing vulvar cancer.
Anything that increases your risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will
get cancer; not having risk factors doesn't mean that you will
not get cancer. People who think they may be at risk should
discuss this with their doctor. Risk factors for vulvar cancer include the following:
Tests that examine the vulva are used to detect (find) and diagnose vulvar cancer.
The following tests and procedures may be used:
Physical exam and history: An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking the vulva for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissues from the vulva so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer.
Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.