What Is Prostate Cancer? | Early Detection | Risk Factors | Symptoms and Screening | Diagnosing | Grading | Stages | Treatment Options | About Clinical Trials | Greenebaum Cancer Center | The Maryland Prostate Center
Get answers to your Prostate Cancer questions.
Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancerous cells develop in the prostate, one of the male sex glands. Cancer of the prostate is one of the most commonly occurring cancers in men in the United States. Although the cause of the disease is not known, we do know that the growth of cancer cells (like normal cells) is stimulated by male hormones, particularly testosterone.
The prostate is about the size of a walnut and is located just below the bladder. It functions as part of the male reproductive system by secreting a slightly alkaline fluid that forms part of the seminal fluid.
The gland is made of: