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Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Treatment

Treatment Options for Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma

A link to a list of current clinical trials is included for each treatment section. For some types or stages of cancer, there may not be any trials listed. Check with your doctor for clinical trials that are not listed here but may be right for you.

Previously Untreated Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma

Surgery options

Childhood rhabdomyosarcoma may be treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy before or after surgery. Treatment with surgery may include the following:

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the head and neck

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the arms or legs

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the chest or abdomen

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the area near the testicles

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the bladder and prostate

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the vagina, vulva, or uterus

Rhabdomyosarcoma in unusual areas

Metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma

Chemotherapy options

Every child treated for rhabdomyosarcoma should receive chemotherapy. The dose of the chemotherapy and the number of treatments given depend on the child's risk group, as follows:

Low-risk patients

Intermediate-risk patients

High-risk patients

Radiation therapy options

Radiation therapy may be used if childhood rhabdomyosarcoma tumor cells remain after surgery, after chemotherapy, or if the tumor is of the alveolar type.

Treatment may include certain kinds of radiation therapy that cause less damage to normal tissue and lessen late effects of treatment. These include:

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with previously untreated childhood rhabdomyosarcoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma

Treatment options for recurrent childhood rhabdomyosarcoma are based on many factors, including where in the body the cancer has come back, what type of treatment the patient had before, and the needs of the individual child. Treatment may include one or more of the following:

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with recurrent childhood rhabdomyosarcoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.